Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) - федеральное агентство, которое борется с трудовой дискриминацией, подавая судебные иски от числа дискриминируемых. После его создания в 1964, первым делом стала практика дискриминации в отношении стюардесс, которых авиакомпании окружали запретами, включая запрет выходить замуж.
“Imagine if you had to worry about being fired from your job as soon as you got married, turned 32, had a child, or gained weight. Imagine being told that if a male was working on your shift, he would always be in charge. This discriminatory treatment was the reality for women flight attendants in the 1960's when Mary Pat Laffey courageously came forward to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to challenge sex discrimination in the seminal case of Laffey v. Northwest Airlines.
Nearly, fifty years ago, when the EEOC opened its doors, the Commission's very first decision held that a policy terminating female flight attendants once they married was sex discrimination.“https://www.eeoc.gov/message-chair
EEOC сыграла ключевую роль в подготовке ключевого решения
Верховного суда Bostock v. Clayton County
, которое отнесло дискриминацию на основе сексуальной ориентации или гендерной идентификации к запрещённой законом.
Особая заслуга в этом принадлежит Чай Фелдблюм, юристу высокого класса и открытой лесбиянке, назначенной Обамой в EEOC. Фелдблюм в своё время была главным автором закона ADA
о защите прав инвалидов.Feldblum’s curriculum vitae is impressive, intimidating even. A graduate of Harvard Law, she clerked for Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun. In 1988, she went to work as legislative counsel for the ACLU’s AIDS project, where she had a key role in drafting the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. In 1991, she became a professor at the Georgetown University Law Center, where she founded the Federal Legislation and Administrative Clinic (which reps organizational clients focused on social justice) and Workplace Flexibility 2010 (a policy shop working to promote—duh—workplace flexibility).
On a more personal note, Feldblum is the child of a Holocaust survivor. (Her father was one of only two people to escape the massacre of his home village in Lithuania; he survived the war by hiding out in the forests of Poland.) Descended from a long line of Orthodox rabbis, she toyed with the idea of becoming a Talmudic scholar before switching to law. At her 2009 Senate confirmation hearing, Feldblum quipped that it was from her father, Rabbi Meir Simcha Feldblum, that she inherited a love of legal text: “He studied the Talmud; I study the U.S. Code.” She said he also instilled in her “a driving commitment to justice.”https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/04/chai-feldblum/558593/
“To me there’s an absolute connection between my Jewish upbringing, my connection to Jewish values, and my commitment to equality for all people.
In terms of Jewish values, you need to care for yourself — because if you’re not for yourself, who will be for you; And if you’re only for yourself, who are you, right?
But it starts with caring for yourself, caring for your family, caring for your immediate community — which is often your Jewish community — and then caring for the world overall.
So once I decided I wasn’t going to have a career that was focused specifically on something Jewish — my first plan had been to get a Ph.D in Talmud, like my father, and be the first female Talmudic scholar — I definitely wanted to do something that would advance social justice.
I moved to Washington, D.C. in 1989. The AIDS epidemic hit in the beginning of the 1980’s and as a lesbian, I was part of that affected community. My work on AIDS led me to a commitment to disability rights at large.
It’s like every time that I personally saw an injustice that needed to be fixed, it mattered to me to fix it. And one of the things about fixing social injustices is that it is never just an individual effort. To make real social change, one must work with broad coalitions. I feel so grateful that I’ve been able to be part of those type of coalitions my whole professional career.”https://www.myjewishlearning.com/keshet/sitting-down-with-chai-feldblum/( Collapse )